How to find the economizer heating surface in thermal power plants
The combustion gases leave the boiler at a temperature which is still relatively high, and generally above the saturation temperature. This sensible heat content of the gases would be lost in the stack. Hence the idea of utilizing their sensible heat content to raise the temperature of the feed water, and so decrease the quantity of heat to be supplied to the steam in the boiler.
Principle of the economizer: It is a heat exchanger placed in the path of the flue gases leaving the boiler, and through which the feed water is circulated between the feed pump and the boiler. It generally takes the form of tubes, in most cases with fins, through which the water circulates in series. They are arranged in groups, the water passing from one tube to the following by means of a 180oC bend.
ECONOMIZER HEATING SURFACE CALCULATION
Data to be required for calculation:
Steam production ( Qs ) in Kg/hr
Flue gas inlet temperature ( To ) in oC
Water Quantity ( Qw ) in Kg/hr ( It is equal to steam production)
Water inlet temperature (to ) ) in oC
Water outlet temperature ( t ) ) in oC
Steam & fuel ratio (R )
Heat transfer coefficient In economizer ( K ) (Note : As per E. Hugot this value having 20 to 30 Kcal/m2/hr/oC)
Solid unburden coefficient ( α )
Moisture of bagasse ( W ) in %
Excess air (m) in %
Calculation Part :
Weight of air required per kg of Bagasse (Pa)= 5.76 (1-W) m
Weight of the gaseous products of combustion per kg of bagasse ( A ) = 5.76(1-W)m + 1
Fuel consumption ( F ) = Qs / R
Total air requirement (P) = Pa x F
Flue gas Quantity (Pg) = F X A
Specific heat of water ( Cw) = 1 Kcal/Kg/oC
Specific heat of flue gas ( CF) = 0.27+0.00006T in Kcal/Kg/oC
Ratio ( r ) = =
Ratio r = This is the ratio (t —to)/ (To — T ) between the rise in temperature of the water and the drop in temperature of the gases. It varies between 0.6 and 0.8; that is, the water temperature increases by 0.7° when the gases drop by 1°.
Flue gas outlet temperature ( T ) in oC = To –
Heating Surface ( S ) in m2 = x
While find the Heat transfer coefficient of our existing system
Heat transfer coefficient K in Kcal/m2/hr/oC = x
Online Calculation for find Economizer heating surface and Its Outlet Flue Gas Temperature
(Note : This Calculator is very helpful to cross check of our exiting system )
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