Sugar Refinery | Raw melt decolourization Techniques for Refined Sugar Process

In this article explained about basic idea of different decolourzation techniques used sugar refinery  form raw melt to refined sugar like melt clarification, second decolurization process and crystalization process.

Different methods for Decolourization of Raw melt to Refined sugar Production

For general description of Refined Sugar Manufacturing Process

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Unit Operations in Sugar Refinery

1. Raw Sugar Storage / Handling

2. Affination

3. Melting

4. Clarification/First Decolourization

5. Filtration

6. Second Decolourization

7. Melt Concentration

8. Crystallization & Centrifuging

9. Recovery

10. Drying, Cooling & Packing

The process of colour reduction of raw melt involves two basic stages, Pre-treatment of Raw Sugar Liquor and then De-colorization of treated sugar liquor.

The main Objective of above both clarification steps are  the removal of turbidity and colour.

The choice of the process will dependent on several factors:

1. Raw Sugar Quality

2. Turbidity Removal

3. Colour Removal

4. Process Capability

5. Capital cost

6. Operating costs

7. Sugar loss & Environmental concerns

8. Refined sugar quality

Basically, colour removal from raw sugar melt to refined sugar occurs in three stages.

First Stage:  1st Decolurization /Clarification of Raw Sugar Liquor- It is classified in to two main clarification processes.

a) Carbonation process.

b) Phospho- floatation Process.

In first raw melt Colour reduction will be depended on type of process. it will be around in the range of 30% to 50%

Second Stage: Secondary Decolourization Process-  It having mainly three clarification processes are there.

a)Ion exchange resin.

b) Powdered activated carbon

C) Granular activated carbon

Third Stage: Crystalization Process

a) Crystallization process is the major stage of colour reduction from melt to crystallized sugar

b) Colour transfer from decolourized liquor to sucrose crystal during crystallization vary from 3% to 10% depends on process used in 1st and 2nd decolourization of melt and number of boiling. In second 2nd and 3rd boiling color transfer rate from liquor to crystal will be less compare to 1st  massecuite boiling.

c) The color transfer to the crystal, or alternatively the fraction of the color included in the crystals, is different in the raw sugar massecuite boiling compared to refined massecuite boiling. Because of the different spectrum of colorants in the liquor from which the sugar is crystallized.

d) The decolorized liquor from second stage is evaporated in vacuum pan for crystallization of sugar. The exhausted molasses again crystallized to get 2nd and 3rd crop of sugar.

e) The sugar obtained is R1 sugar while the sugar from 2nd &3rd Boiling R2 & R3 sugar. As the R1 Sugar is made from fine liquor its colour value in ICUMSA unit is very low. R2 & R3 sugar made from exhausted molasses. So R2 & R3 sugar will have slightly more colour value.

General Norms of raw melt color reduction in sugar refinery

Raw melt decolourzation norms in sugar refinery | Raw melt decolourization Techniques for Refined Sugar Process

We hope that, It helps you to know basic idea regarding raw melt decolourization techniques for Sugar Refinery Process. We requested you please give feed back, comments to improve this and don’t forget to share it.

Different methods for Decolourization of Raw melt to Refined sugar Production

Related Articles:  

Fundamental concepts of Syrup Clarification System and Melt Clarification System

Melt Clarification System Design Criteria for Sugar Refinery Process

Carbonation Process for sugar refinery

Ion Exchange Process for melt decolonization of sugar refinery

Colour Balance in massecuite boiling of Refined sugar

Three and half massecuite boiling material balance calculation

Material Balance Calculation for three massecuite Boiling

Thumb Rules for Sugar factory Equipment Design Sizing


Post Author: siva alluri

The aim of this Blog "sugarprocesstech" is Providing basic to advance knowledge in sugar process industry and providing maximum calculation regarding capacity and equipment design online calculators .

4 thoughts on “Sugar Refinery | Raw melt decolourization Techniques for Refined Sugar Process

    Rajendra Tatoba Shirdhone

    (September 14, 2019 - 9:32 am)

    Please give intermediate colour of refining sugar process

      siva alluri

      (September 14, 2019 - 2:10 pm)

      Ok We will provide soon


      (July 22, 2023 - 12:02 pm)

      Please give intermediate colour of refining sugar process

    Tej Mohan Verma

    (September 12, 2023 - 2:25 pm)

    Please provide me some paper about how to make sulphur less sugar in existing plantation white sugar plant.

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